Histoire et activités du réseau de recherches et de développement de la FAO/CIHEAM sur ​​les pâturages et les cultures fourragères

The network has been created in 1978. It aims at exchanging scientific and technical information, managing working groups on targeted research activities that lead to the development of common methodologies and results, development of research projects, publications, organization of technical stays and training of researchers. It includes two sub-networks: the ‘Mountain Pastures sub-network’ and the ‘Mediterranean Forage Resources subnetwork’. In 2010, it is coordinated by a network coordinator (Prof. Dr Alain Peeters. RHEA, Gentinnes, Belgium.

Importance, évolution, impact environnemental et défis futurs des systèmes basés sur des prairies et des pâturages en Europe

The importance and the diversity of grasslands and grassland-based systems are illustrated. Their multiple functions and values are highlighted. The main trends of the evolution of the systems in the last half-century are summarized including the effect of the Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union. Grasslands are compared with annual forage crops for forage production potential and impact on the environment. New challenges are analyzed especially in relation to agro-fuel production.

Aperçu des indicateurs de biodiversité liée à l'agriculture en Belgique

The sustainability of farming systems is currently under debate. Nowadays, agriculture has become not only a food provider but also a provider of goods and services for tourism, leisure, landscape management, nature conservation, etc. Agricultural management practices have a key impact on biodiversity conservation, a serious decline of many plant and animal species which are traditionally linked to agricultural areas has been demonstrated. Although not all impacts are negative, a need to identify and monitor pressures on biodiversity coming from agriculture has been identified.

Une terminologie internationale pour les terres pâturées et les animaux au pâturage

En 1991, la Terminologie pour les Terres pâturées et les Animaux au pâturage [Terminology for grazing lands and grazing animals] fut publiée avec l’objectif de « développer un consensus sur des définitions claires des termes utilisés en matière de pâturage par les animaux ». Ce premier effort a réuni des organisations et des agences au sein des U.S.A., mais il a associé une représentation de Nouvelle-Zélande et d’Australie.